A referendum related to the European Union's migrant resettlement plans will be held in Hungary on 2 October 2016. The referendum was initiated by the government, and it is commonly referred to as the kvótanépszavazás orkvótareferendum (quota referendum) in the Hungarian media.
Voters are being asked:
"Do you want the European Union to be able to mandate the obligatory resettlement of non-Hungarian citizens into Hungary even without the approval of the National Assembly?"
Hungary was one of the affected countries during the European migrant crisis. On 17 June 2015, Viktor Orbán's right-wing government (it is his third) announced the construction of a 175-kilometre-long fence along its southern border with Serbia.
On 22 September 2015, the European Union's interior ministers meeting in the Justice and Home Affairs Council approved a plan to relocate 120,000 asylum seekers over two years from the frontline states Italy, Greece and Hungary to all other EU countries. However Hungary voted against the relocation plan, its 54,000 asylum seekers were not taken into consideration, that number relocated to Italy and Greece instead. Following the decision, Hungary and Slovakia took legal action over EU's mandatory migrant quotas at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg.
On 24 February 2016, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán announced that the Hungarian government will hold a referendum on whether to accept the European Union's proposed mandatory quotas for relocating migrants.] He also said it is "no secret that the Hungarian government refuses migrant quotas" and will be campaigning for "no" votes.
Orbán argued the quota system would
"...redraw Hungary's and Europe's ethnic, cultural and religious identity, which no EU organ has the right to do".
After examining the legal challenges, the Supreme Court (Kúria) has allowed the holding of the referendum on 5 May.The National Assemblyofficially approved the referendum initiated by the government on 10 May. The initiative was approved with 136 votes cast in favour by the pro-government Fidesz and KDNP lawmakers, as well as the opposition Jobbik MPs, while the majority of left-wing opposition boycotted the plenary session. The Constitutional Court rejected all four appeals against plans to hold the referendum on 21 June.[Finally, President János Áder set 2 October 2016 as the date for the referendum.