Yesterday I ended my official visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina, calling the State to lead the development of comprehensive migration policies, reports Felipe González Morales, UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants
The very complex system of administration and decentralization established as a result of the war remains an obstacle in this regard.
International financial support is indispensable, but the State should play the main role in migration governance, for better protection of the human rights of #migrants and #asylum seekers and capacity building.
As positive features, migratory detention is used as a measure of last resort, irregular entries to the territory are not criminalized and there are many programs in place for migrant children and families with children.
However, there are important flaws in the mechanism to seek asylum, restrictions to the movement of migrants inside the country, lack of adequate capacity at the Open Centers, and insufficient separation of children from adults at the facilities.
Conditions at the Immigration Detention Center are also of concern.
The most acute situation is the one in Vucjak, a former landfill site close to an area riddled with landmines, to which migrants are escorted by the police and whose conditions are absolutely inappropriate for accommodating human beings.
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The Independent, 1 August 2019