The Greater Kiev project should aim to transform the city into a major metropolis of the twenty-first century, able to ensure its rank in the competition of international megacities.
The project must involve improving the living environment of the inhabitants, correcting territorial inequalities and building a sustainable city.
It must rely on the creation of a public transport network whose goal is to be both a framework linking the major economic centers of the region, but also a support for local development, including future railway and metro stations, a new network would be the bridgeheads.
A new transport network and railway stations to fully produce the expected development effects must be accompanied by a territory planning policy, developed at the regional level, jointly elaborated by the local authorities and the State.
If transport is the main lever of a Greater Kiev, this ambitious project must include other components related to economic development, housing, higher education, culture, sport and the environment.
The Greater Kiev project should also promote research, innovation and industrial valorization. Territories (or "clusters") must be identified as strategic development poles.
The Greater Kiev project must incorporate a goal of economic growth in order to face the competition from other world cities.
On the one hand, construction and renovation work on transportation will generate jobs in the public works sector. In the longer term, after the commissioning of the network, the attractiveness of the Kiev region could create jobs.
Greater Kiev is expected to generate public revenue. It should also have an impact on the growth rate of the region and a contribution to Ukrainian GDP.
Habitat: creation of new housing
The housing component will be a major challenge for the Greater Kiev project, which will have to provide for the construction of new housing. These constructions must respect the precepts of the sustainable city with proximity and easy access to essential services. The future railway and metro stations identified as strategic and structuring places of local development, will notably be able to welcome new mixed neighborhoods where housing, shops, university centers and cultural facilities will rub shoulders.
Higher education: a showcase of Ukrainian academic excellence
Kiev, with its universities, students (including foreigners) and faculty members, must be a major player in European higher education. However, universities face problems of visibility and the reception of students. The Greater Kiev project must therefore attempt to address these issues.
It is necessary to provide for the production of student housing, the renovation of libraries and sports buildings, but also the simplification of the organization of universities, the regrouping and the renovation of their real estate heritage.
The global approach is therefore privileged. It aims to strengthen the excellence of Kiev's universities, while improving the working and living conditions of teacher-researchers and students.
Culture: Kiev center of Ukrainian culture
City of arts and architecture, Kiev welcomes tourists every year. Its cultural attractiveness is undeniable but competition between cities is intensifying. The capital is home to a plentiful cultural offer, but outside of Kiev is less well served by transport and major cultural elements are rarer.
One of the aims of Greater Kiev should be to facilitate access to culture for all the inhabitants of the region. The cultural development strategy must be multipolar and based on two main axes: better accessibility of large symbolic cultural facilities, and the rehabilitation of more remote cultural sites.
Sport: making Kiev a leader among the world's metropolises
Sport is an essential vector of social cohesion, just like culture. By its great facilities, it also helps to structure and reinforce the metropolitan territory. As such, sport has a fundamental role to play in the framework of the Greater Kiev project, in terms of infrastructure and sports animation offer. The objective for the metropolis is to anticipate these needs in order to develop the practice of sport at all levels (amateur, high level, and professional), and to be able to organize and host the biggest international sports events.
Environment: a successful city that consumes less energy
The Greater Kiev project is a sustainable development project in the region.
The idea is to create a sustainable city, concerned about the environment and meeting the objectives of ecological transition.
The project should promote construction in already urbanized areas, thus protecting natural areas.
The future public transport network will offer an alternative to the automobile and will reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
It must also ensure greater equality between cities by opening up certain remote areas. It will allow the inhabitants a full mobility and limit the daily travel time.
A prosperous, independent and peaceful Ukraine is the key to a strong and democratic Europe.
All roads lead to Kiev because of its strategic position in the center of the European continent.
Napoleon understood that if you want to control the European continent, you have to control Ukraine and Kiev.
The development of Kiev is an imperative necessity for the whole of Europe.
Professor (h.c.) Olivier VÉDRINE
President of The Global Transformation Academy https://www.gtaua.org/
The Greater Kiev project was launched at the Kyiv Investment Forum, held on 17 September 2019 at the Mystetskyi Arsenal.
International and Ukrainian investors, representatives of foreign municipalities, local governments and the business community of the capital examined the different aspects of the development strategy of the Kiev region.
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